In October, 2020, the research paper of Zhengchao Zhang entitled “High‐performance traffic speed forecasting based on spatiotemporal clustering of road segments” was accepted by IET Intelligent Transport Systems.
• A spatiotemporal clustering method of road segments is proposed, which considers both traffic speed patterns and spatial topology information.
• Based on the clustering results, we developed a novel prediction scheme. The sequence-to-sequence learning (Seq2Seq) algorithm is separately deployed cluster by cluster in parallel.
• We conducted numerical tests on a large-scale real-world dataset provided by AMAP, a leading mobile navigation application in China. The results indicate that our approach yields better performances than other state-of-the-art baselines in terms of both prediction accuracy and computational efficiency.
Traffic speed prediction is an indispensable element of intelligent transportation systems. Numerous studies have devoted to high-precision prediction models. However, most existing methods implement the link-wise or network-wide input. The former is time consuming especially for large-scale applications, while the latter may incur the dilemma of underfitting owing to the heterogeneous traffic states within the entire network. Herein, we propose a novel prediction scheme based on spatiotemporal traffic pattern clustering. Firstly, road segments are partitioned into several groups via the developed clustering approach, which considers both the observed data sequence and spatial topology structure. Subsequently, sequence-to-sequence learning architecture is employed for each group to generate predictions for the entire traffic network. Validated by a real-world dataset in Beijing, our proposed paradigm offers a significant improvement over other well-known benchmarks for various prediction intervals in terms of prediction accuracy and computational efficiency.